Ahhh, Peaches!! They are one of the sweet and juicy gems of late summer. Fast growing peach trees, will reward you with golden peaches, in just a few years. They are, however, highly susceptible to both insect infestations and plant disease. To grow peaches successfully, you need to spray the trees regularly.
Did you Know? Peach pits are poisonous. We don’t think you are going to eat the hard pit. But, we thought you should know.
Plant Hardiness Zones: 5 – 9.
Peach trees are grown from seed…. the “pit”. It takes three or four years to go from the seedling stage to a fruit-producing tree. Most people don’t want to wait that long. They turn to garden nurseries to purchase young trees that can be transplanted into your garden. The trees at your local nursery are a couple of years old. This small tree will still need to grow another year or two to get the first crop of peaches.
You can also graft branches from a peach tree onto other fruit trees.
Select a location in your yard that receives full sun. Dig a deep hole. Add plenty of decomposed compost, if available. Mix thoroughly with regular garden soil. If the tree you have bought is inside of a peat pot, leave it in the container. It is helpful (but not required) to slit the container to allow roots to more easily exit the container. While making the slits, be careful not to cut the roots, as you can do more harm than good. If your tree is in a burlap bag, remove the bag. Gently spread the roots in the hole you have dug.
Bury the plant up to where it was in the container. Soak the soil thoroughly. Add more soil if needed.
Ideal Soil pH: 6.0 – 7.5.
Once your new tree is planted, it should grow quickly. We recommend staking the tree in its first year of life. Strong winds can bend the young sapling, causing the trunk to grow at an angle. Really strong winds might even cause the tree to sway and damage roots.
Tip: Fruit tree fertilizer spikes are a great way to boost the growth of your new peach tree. The spike slowly releases a fertilizer specifically formulated for fruit trees.
The size and number of peaches are dependent upon several things. As a rule of thumb, more peaches on a tree, result in smaller individual fruit. Sometimes, mother nature pollinates a profusion of blooms. Sometimes frost nips a portion of the blooms. However, in a good year, so many peaches may be on the tree, that the size of the fruit is small. Growers can compensate for this, by removing a few of the baby fruits very early in the season. Should you do this? Probably not in your first few years of growth, as you do not have the experience to judge if there are too many peaches on the tree. But, we do recommend removing any peaches that are damaged by insects, leaving good peaches to grow even bigger.
Each spring, before buds open, apply a dormant oil fruit tree spray. This will kill a variety of insects.
Peach trees are highly susceptible to both insect infestations and disease. Without regular spraying, peach trees tend to be short-lived. We highly recommend a regular program of spraying for both insects and plant disease. If you use insect and/or disease sprays, we recommend you follow the directions on the label carefully. And by all means, wear protective clothing and a mask when spraying.
More on Insects and Disease
Some animals, notable opossum, like peaches. See Animal control suggestions
Sometimes, birds will peck at the ripening fruit. Pest netting is an effective control measure.
Harvest fruit before it turns completely ripe. Once it is picked, it will soften and ripen quickly. The fruit will still be hard, making it easier to handle and store. Store fruit in a cool, dry place, out of sunlight.
Like other plants, pruning established trees is healthy for them. It results in a bigger crop. Prune peach trees annually in the early late winter or early spring, before the new year’s growth begins.
First, remove dead or unhealthy branches and limbs. Prune in areas where growth is very bushy. This will increase sunlight and air penetration, to help the overall health and growth of the tree. You can also prune branches to maintain a shapely-looking tree.