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Vermicomposting - Worm Composting

Vermicomposting, or worm composting, is an organic process. This organic composting process utilizes earthworms, that ingest plant matter, and excrete nutrient rich, natural, and very organic worm castings. Earthworms create worm casting equal to their weight every day. Experienced gardeners highly value worm castings.

Did you Know? It was only a few centuries ago, that people thought garden earthworms were a bad thing. Many people confused them with snakes. Others considered them a garden pest, and tried to rid their gardens of earthworms.

Defining Terms:

Composting - This is the process of decomposing plant matter into a nutrient rich soil to help organically feed your plants. Composting is accomplished in a variety of ways, from passive compost heaps (or piles) to compost tumblers, which can quickly turn your raw materials into finished compost. More on Composting.

Vermicomposting -  This is the process of creating and harvesting castings. You feed worms plant materials. The worms excrete rich worm castings. The castings are separated from the worms themselves, and from the rest of the compost.

Worm Composting - This is generally synonymous with vermicomposting. However, many people use this term to describe the process of converting raw plant materials into finished compost by using worms to help do the job. This compost contains both the decomposted material and castings. 

Worm Farms - Vermicomposting is the composting process. Worm farms are where the process is performed.

Worms - Red worms and earthworms are the common residents of a worm farm.

Worm Castings - After eating and digesting plant matter, the worms excrete castings. You could call it "worm manure".  Organic castings are highly valued by gardeners.

Armed with the definitions above, you are now ready to become a worm farmer who practices vermicomposting (worm composting), to harvest worm castings. 

Not all Worms are Equal:

There are virtually thousands of varieties of worms, found all over the world. Two types of worms are best known to gardeners. They are:

Red Worms - These little guys are the most often used for worm composting. Most people who have worm farms prefer to use efficient, hard working red worms.

Nightcrawlers - Those big, fat worms that fisherman seek, are good composters, too. They are also effective aerators, helping to loosen the soil so plant roots can spread easier. Their big, deep  tunnels and burrows allow water and moisture to penetrate deeper into the soil where your plant's roots are. Nightcrawlers also leave plenty of worm castings deep in the soil.

Worm Composter

Australian Worm Farm -   The worms in this farm will work hard for you. They ingest plant matter, and "cast off" nutrient rich worm castings. It takes a lot of worms to manufacture enough castings to meet most gardeners needs. So, you pay a steep price for store-bought worm castings. This worm farm will produce a constant supply for all of your gardens. It also captures the liquid  "worm casting tea", which you can use on indoor and outdoor plants.

Worm Casting Liquid Fertilizer - Your indoor and outdoor plants will love worm castings tea. Easy to use tea bags provides an organic, liquid fertilizer for all of your plants.

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