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How to Grow Dracaena House Plant - Care and Maintenance


Like many other house plants, Dracaena is grown for its attractive, decorative leaves. Dracaena is very popular in homes and offices, as it is slow growing, and easy to grow with just a little care.

There are over 40 species of Dracaena. The plant stems are called "Canes". The canes have corn or spear like leaves, which are green with variegated colors in cream, red, or white, depending upon species.

Other Names: Corn plant, for it's corn-like leaves

Ideal Room Temperature: 60 - 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Humidity: low

Plant Height: 1 to 20 feet

Propagating Dracaena Plants:

Plants can be propagated by removing a leaf and stem. Root the cutting in water. Cut the stem off where it meets the main trunk of the plant.

How to Grow Dracaena Plants:

The Dracaena plant is easy to grow and care for outdoors, or indoors as house plants.

Grown as house plants, they prefer cooler temperatures, especially at night. However, they do not like cold drafts.

Select a pot or container that fits your room decor, and allows room for the plants' root system to grow. Select a container that has holes in the bottom for good drainage. If the plant outgrows the container, it can be transplanted into a larger pot.

Use regular, loose potting soil.

The soil should be moist, not wet. Wet soils causes root rot, and can kill the plant. Allow the surface of the soil to dry a little between watering.

This plant grow best in indirect, filtered light. The plant will grow fine, placed near a northern facing window.

Fertilizing Plants: For indoor plants, use a house plant fertilizer every two to three weeks during the growing season. As fall arrives, cut back to once a month. In the winter months, withhold fertilizers, giving the pant a period of dormancy.

You can prune Dracaena. Prune away sick or dead leaves, cutting the stem where it reaches the main trunk. After a few weeks, new leaves will appear below the cut.

Plant Problems:

Mealy bugs, mites and scales can occasionally be a problem.

Keep plants out of cold drafts.

Root rot will occur in wet soils.

Droopy, yellow leaves often indicate wet soils. Bright sunlight can also cause yellowing leaves.

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