Varieites of Apples

Apples Tree

Thousands of Apple Varieties

If you want choice and selection, you’ve come to the right fruit. There are over 7,000 varieties of apples grown around the world. You’ve got a wide selection of colors- red, yellow, golden, and green in many hues. Qualities vary in sweetness, uses, firmness (crunchy, anyone?), size, and more.

Not sure you have enough space for a big ‘ole apple tree? There are plenty of dwarf varieties that take up far less space and generally only grow 10-15 feet. These dwarfs are popular with home gardeners and “Pick You Own” farms.

Did You Know? Apples contain 80 calories, no sodium or cholesterol, and are high in dietary fiber. They are good for your teeth, gums, and facial muscles, too.

Popular Varieties of Apples

While we cannot possibly, listed below are some of he more popular apple varieties.

Variety:Taste:Uses:Comments:
Acey MacSweet, tart, juicyEating and sauceDiscovered in Peru in 1969
Autumn CrispExtra crisp, juicy, High in vitamin C and antioxidants.Apple sauce, snacksDeveloped at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY.
Braeburncrisp, combination of sweet and tartsnacks, salads, baking, freezingOriginated in New Zealand n 1952.
CameoSweet, tart flavor, crunchy, firm textureEat fresh, dessertsDiscovered in state of Washington in 1980’s.
CortlandSweet, softsnacks, baking, salads* Created in 1915 at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY.

* Cross between a McIntosh and Ben Davis apples

Crispin(Mutsu)Crisp, firm, sweet, juicybaking, eat freshDeveloped in Japan in the 1930’s. Arrived in the US. in the 1940’s.
EmpireCrisp, blend of sweet and tart, juicyExcellent snacking, eating fresh, baking* Created in 1915 at the Cornell Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY..

* Coss between  Red Delicious and McIntosh

FortuneA combination of sweet and tart, juicyFresh eating, sauce, bakingA cross between Schoharie Spy and Empire
Fujispicy, very crisp, firmEat fresh, snackingDeveloped in Japan, it is a cross between Red Delicious and Ralls Janet
Galafirm, sweet, juicyfresh, snacks, baking, salads, applesauce* Created in New Zealand in 1962.

* Cross between Golden Delicious and Kid’s Orange apples

Ginger GoldSweet, juicy, yellowExcellent fresh eating, salads* Discovered by a farmer in Virginia in 1980, and his farmer’s wife

* Cross between Golden Delicious and Albemarle Pippin

Golden DeliciousSweet, juicy, crisp, yellowsnack, baking, cookingDiscovered in West Virginia in 1914..
Granny SmithSlightly tart.snacking, bakingMore green than red.
Honeycrispsweet, crispeat fresh, saladsDeveloped in Minnesota in 1991.
IdaredCrisp, sweet, tart flavoreat fresh, pies* Created in 1942.

* Cross between Jonathan and Wagner

JonagoldHoney sweet, a hint of tartness, very juicyeat fresh, salad, sauce, baking* Developed at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY. in 1968.

* Cross between Jonathan and Golden Delicious

JonamacSweet, tart flavoreat fresh* Developed at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY. in 1972.

* Cross between Jonathan and McIntosh

Jonathansomewhat tart, but good flavorsnacks, and baking 
MacounExtra sweet, with a mild, tart tasteA great eating apple* Created in 1923 Developed at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY.

* A cross between McIntosh and Jersey Black.

McIntoshsweet, soft, juicyAll-purpose, classic eating apple* Discovered by John McIntosh, Ontario Canada in 1800’s.
Paula RedSweet and tarteat fresh, sauceOriginated in a farmer’s orchard in Michigan in 1960. Named after his wife.

ripens, harvests early

Red DeliciousCrisp, sweet, deliciousEat Fresh, saladspoor for baking
RomeSlightly tartBest for baking, sauce, eat freshOriginated in Ohio in the1820’s.
WinesapSweet, juicyAll-purpose 
20 OuncerSlightly tartExcellent for baking and Applesauce 
Zestarcrisp, juicyeat freshCreated at the University of Minnesota in 1998.

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