Annual Pansies are one of the earliest flowering plants, blooming right alongside your spring bulbs. These cool-weather members of the violet family herald in the new garden season, with a wide variety of bright, brilliant colors. Pansy flowers include almost all colors of the rainbow including black. And, there are many bi-colors, too. There are so many combinations of these profuse bloomers that we don’t’ think any two are alike! Are you growing pansies in your flowerbed this year? Most gardeners, can’t resist these colorful early bloomers.
Pansies are popular, easy, and fun to grow. Fill an area or entire bed with Pansies for a striking spring effect! Also, they look spectacular growing in windowsills and containers.
Flowers Bloom: Spring thru Fall
Plant Height: up to 9 inches
Plant Hardiness Zones: 4 – 8
Annual pansies are grown from seeds. The plants like full to partial sun. Pansies can be directly seeded into your flower garden or seeded indoors for transplanting later. For spring blooms, you need to start your plants indoors six to eight weeks before the last frost.
Sow Pansy seeds early in the season and cover lightly with 1/8″ soil. Water thoroughly once. They germinate slowly.
Note: We highly recommend a heated germination mat, to increase the speed of germination, and for a higher germination rate.
Transplant young Pansy plants into your garden after the last frost date for your area. Space them 6 to 10 inches apart. They will tolerate a little crowding. If you are creating a pansy bed, you may want to create a pattern or color scheme before planting. Or, use mixed varieties.
Final Plant Spacing: Thin seedling or space transplants 6 to 10 inches apart.
Days to Germination: 14 – 21
Pansies prefer cool to warm climates. They wilt a bit in mid-summer heat. In warmer areas, we recommend growing them in partial shade.
The plants tolerate a variety of soils. Add a general-purpose fertilizer when planting them, then once a month after that.
Soil should be moist, but not wet. Water them during dry periods, once or twice per week.
Keep the plants well-weeded. Apply a layer of much, to help keep the weeds down, and for an attractive appearance.
Once your Pansy plants are established, they should grow well, even if left unattended.
Remove spent blooms, to promote additional blooms, and extend the blooming period. This will also keep the appearance neat and attractive. Also, see deadheading blooms
The plants are hardy annuals. They will often survive the first frost if it is light. They will not survive a hard frost or freeze.
Ideal Soil pH: 5.5 – 7.0.
Plant Problems – Identify the causes and find the cures.
Annual pansies seldom have problems with insects and disease. If insect or disease problems occur, treat early with organic or chemical insect repellents and fungicide.