How to Grow Salvia Flowers
Annual and Perennial
If you are looking for variety, you have come to the right flower. There
are over 700 species of this plant that originated in warm and temperate
climates. There are annual and perennial varieties aplenty.
Spiky flowers are borne on bushy plants. Sizes generally range from 10" to
60", with most varieties below 36". You most likely know, and readily recognize,
the bright red and scarlet Salvia. But, the flowers are also found in most
colors, including blue.
Did you know? Sage is a salvia. It
is classified as a herb and a flower.
Salvia make nice bouquets fresh or dried for winter use.
Salvia are often grown from seeds. Salvia can be directly seeded into your
flower garden, or seeded indoors for transplanting later. For earlier blooms,
start indoors six to eight weeks before the last frost.
Sow Salvia seeds early in the season. Some varieties require light to germinate,
and the seed should be spread upon the top of the soil.Water lightly as the
fine seeds can wash away, or penetrate too deeply into the soil.
Transplant Salvia into your garden after the last frost date for your area.
Space them 10-20" apart, depending upon species. Give them plenty of room
to grow and show off their bright blooms.
Salvia can also be propagated by division, which is best done in the spring.
How to Grow Salvia Plants:
Salvia plants like full sun. They grow well in average or better soil, but
the soil should drain well. Add a general purpose fertilizer when planting
them, then once a month after that.
Once your Salvia plants are established, they should grow well with few problems.
Keep the soil moist to slightly dry. Water them during dry periods, once
or twice per week. Keep them well weeded, or apply a 2-3 inch layer of mulch
for a tidy appearance.
Many Salvia are heavy seeders. Place them in an area where you want them
to re-seed and return each year.
Insect and Disease:
Insect and disease problems are not too common. If insect infestations or
disease problems occur, treat early with fungicide.
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