How to Grow Four O'Clock Flowers
Annual, Mirabilis Jalapa
Four O'clock were one of my Grandfather's favorites. He enjoyed the bright
trumpet shaped flowers, which attracts Hummingbirds. Four O'Clocks
got their name because it opens in mid-afternoon. It remains open overnight,
and closes in early morning. They will also remain open on cloudy days. They
are also noted for their strong, pleasant fragrance.
Native to tropical areas of North and South America, they are also called
"Marvel of Peru". Four O'clocks are actually perennials that are grown as
annuals, in most areas of the U.S.
The bushy plants make attractive hedge or border. Flower colors include white,
red, pink, yellow, and some two-toned blooms. Because the flowers are open
during the evening, we recommend you place them in areas where people will
see them in late afternoon to early evening hours.
Grow them in flower beds, borders, around patios and walking paths, or in
Night Bloomers: How many flowers do you know of are open in the evening?
Plant Height: 1 to 2 feet
Four O'clock plants are typically grown from large seeds, making them easy
to plant. Four O'clock seeds germinate quickly, and grow fast, up to 2-4
Keep the seed bed moderately moist during germination.
Plant Four O'clock seeds directly into the garden, just before the last frost
in your area. Cover seeds with 1/4" of soil. Space plants 12 inches apart
and thin to two feet apart.
In addition, Four O'clocks can be propagated by its tubers. Tubers should
be dug up in the fall and stored in the dark, in damp peat moss or sand.
Days to Germination: 10 - 15
How to Grow Four O'clock Plants:
Four O'clock prefer full sun, but will tolerate partial shade. Note that
in partial shade they may grow lanky. They will do well in rich, well composted
soil as they are big eaters. Keep soil moist. Add a general purpose fertilizer
once or twice a month to encourage vigorous growth.
Four O'clock fit well in borders, as small hedgerows. Try growing them around
Flowers Bloom: Summer through Fall.
Insect and Disease:
Insect and disease problems are uncommon for Four O'clock. If problems occur,
treat early with organic or chemical insect repellents and fungicide.
More Gardening Information:
to Grow Four O'clock Plants