How to Grow and Care for Balsam
Growing Balsam is easy.
Balsam is a Victorian garden favorite. It is a quick growing summer annual
flower, with gardenia-like blooms. Continuous blooms grow on top of a bushy
plant with glossy leaves. You will get blooms in about 60-70 days. Balsam
is a member of the Impatiens family. Colors include shades of white, pink,
rose, violet, and red. Balsam are native to Asia, North America, and South
Africa. There are annual and perennial varieties.
Balsam are often grown in containers on balconies and terraces. Use large
pots to provide plenty of space for them. Balsam also is a good bedding or
Plant Height: 14" - 20"
Flowers Bloom: Long flowering, from summer through fall.
Balsam are grown from seed. They can be directly seeded into your flower
garden, or seeded indoors in trays or flats for transplanting later.
Sow indoor starts about 6 weeks before the last frost. Keep soil moist while
Sow seeds early in the season, and cover with 1/8" of soil. Water thoroughly.
It is important to keep the soil moist during the germination period.
Balsam will begin to produce a continuous, profusion of flowers by early
to mid-summer, and all the way to frost.
Days to Germination: 10 - 15
How to Grow Balsam:
Balsam likes full to partial sun. Shade the plants from afternoon sun, especially
in hot regions.
They prefer a rich, well drained soil. Space plants 12-18 inches apart. Water
them during dry periods, once or twice per week. Don't allow the roots to
remain wet. Add a general purpose fertilizer regularly for optimum growth.
Once established, Balsam will grow well and bloom continuously well into
fall. Annual varieties are susceptible to frost.
Insect and Disease:
If insect or disease problems occur, treat early with organic or chemical
insect repellents and fungicide.