If you’ve ever grown Freesia plants, it may well be one of your favorite flowers. Floral shops love ’em, too. Growing Freesia flowers is easy. And it is an attractive flower, with a strong, pleasantly sweet, citrus-like scent. They look great in flower gardens, in flowerpots indoors, or on your deck. As cut flowers, the blooms are long-lasting.
The pretty, fragrant flowers grow on stalks surrounded by spiky, sword-like, green foliage.
Freesia is native to South Africa. They look their best when grown together in clumps or masses.
Flowers Bloom: Late Spring to Summer. Flowers bloom 10 weeks after planting.
Flower Colors: Freesia colors include blue, orange, pink, red, violet, white, and yellow. There are a few bi-colored striped flowers, too.
Plant height: Plants grow 1 to 2 feet tall.
Plant Hardiness Zones: 9 – 10
Freesia plants are grown from bulbs. Over a few years, they will multiply rapidly, forming dense clumps, or masses. The plants can get overcrowded. It is best to dig up the bulbs and separate them every 2-3 years.
Freesia can also be grown from seeds. This is done primarily by horticulturalists. It takes longer to produce flowering plants.
Bulb Planting Depth: Plant bulbs 2 inches deep.
Final Plant Spacing: Space plants 3 inches apart.
The plants are easy to grow. In the fall, acquire good, healthy bulbs from a quality, reliable source. You can also plant them in early spring. Plant the bulbs about two inches deep, and three inches apart. Do not plant them closer, as they will fill in over a couple of years.
Tip: Freesia is attractive in pots and containers. If you are growing Freesia in pots or containers, plant bulbs close together, so the arrangement looks full.
Freesia plants like rich, well-draining soil. It is most important that the soil is not wet or soggy for extended periods.
Water plants only if the soil is dry a few inches below the surface. Add a layer of mulch, to keep the weeds down, and your Freesia will grow almost maintenance-free.
Add a general-purpose fertilizer after the flowers have died.
After the plants are done flowering, allow them to continue to grow until they die back naturally for the season. Then, you can cut the dead plants off at ground level.
Ideal Soil pH: 6.5 – 7.5.
You should experience few problems with your Freesia plants.
Importantly, bulbs can rot in soggy, wet soils, if planted in low areas, with poor drainage.