Home Garden Organic Compost and Mulch
Garden compost and garden mulch are two of a gardener's best friends. They
are beneficial for strong and healthy plants. They significantly increase
the productivity of your garden. Their long lasting benefits saves you
time and effort in all types of gardens. There are many forms of compost
and mulch. Some are organic, while others are artificial.
Be a soil saver..... start organic home garden composting today. Throw away,
or drastically reduce, the use of chemical fertilizers. It helps save the
environment, and you save money.
Did you Know? Mushroom compost is a highly valued soil amendment.
Do you know what mushroom compost is made of?
Find out now
The Composter's Motto: Let it rot!
What's the Difference between Compost and Mulch?
What is Compost? Garden compost is any kind decayed, organic
plant waste. It's nutrient rich composition, acts as a natural, healthy,
organic fertilizer for your plants. "Composting" is the process where organic
plant matter rots and decays, and allowing it to break down through the natural
process of decomposition. Composting occurs over a period of time, aided
by bacteria, air, worms, heat, and water.
Compost is made from organic matter. It can include weeds, grass clippings,
hay, seaweed, garden waste, kitchen scraps, tree leaves, sawdust, or branches,
to name a few. More on what to
Composting refers to the process of decomposing plant matter. It can also
refer to animal manure, which is also composted. Manure almost always includes
a mixture of straw, sawdust or other bedding, along with the animal manure.
More on composting manure.
What is Mulch? Garden mulch is any material placed around
plants in your garden, as a protective covering for the purpose of:
Reducing weeds around plants
Increasing or decreasing soil temperature
Retaining soil moisture around the plant
Creating a more attractive appearance
Mulches can be organic such as compost, wood chips, grass clippings, pine
needles, or hay. Or, they can be inorganic such as black plastic, newspaper,
or even aluminum foil. The benefit of organic mulch, is that it also
enriches the soil. Inorganic mulches provide no benefit to the composition
of your garden soil.
Composting Tips: If you recently sprayed or applied chemicals to your
lawn, do not use the grass clippings in composting . Those nasty chemicals
are not organic. You do not want them in your vegetable garden.
How to Make Compost:
Home garden composting is easy. There is not much you can do wrong long term,
to the compost pile (also called the compost heap) Pile up any organic matter,
and it decomposes over time. If you simply pile plant waste onto a heap,
it will decompose.....eventually. Most gardeners prefer to speed up the
composting process, and avoid the pitfalls of bad odor and attracting unwanted
The key ingredients to successful garden composting are:
The right mix of materials containing Nitrogen (Greens) and Carbon (Browns).
See What to Compost
Microbes and bacteria, which break down component materials.
Moisture - should be 40% to 60%
A well maintained and active composting pile, converts organic material to
compost in as little as thirty days. Left to nature, a compost heap can take
from several months to a year or more, to completely decompose. The
byproduct of active decomposition, is heat (and sometimes, odor). Have you
ever seen a large twenty foot pile of wood chips, at your local nursery in
the middle of the winter? You may have observed it "smoking". A composting
pile can actually become so hot, that it ignites. This occurs in large, town
or industrial composting.
If you are not using a composter
or a compost tumbler, select
an area to create your pile.
Many people opt to close in their pile with fencing, or acquire a home composter
or bin. Home composters and bins are neat and more aesthetically pleasing,
than a pile of weeds and decaying grasses.
Add organic matter from your garden and yard.
Include vegetable and plant waste from your kitchen, including egg shells,
coffee grounds, tea bags, spoiled vegetables and fruits, etc.
Alternate layers of green and brown waste. This helps the composting process,
and aids in decomposition.
Keep the pile moist, but not wet.
Turn the pile over from time to time, to maximize air circulation to the
bacteria and microbes that "eat" and convert your pile into rich compost.
This is where composters and compost
Use the compost after it has almost completely turned into soil. It is rich
in nutrients and minerals.
Apply compost liberally around your plants as a mulch, or mix it into the
Did you know? Along with heat, odor is another common by-product of
the composting process. Keep odor to a minimum, by turning the pile regularly.
One of the most common culprits, is grass clippings piled too thickly. Mix
the materials together well.
Composting Do's and Don't's:
Stir the pile frequently, to allow air penetration.
Do not put animal remains, meat, or fats in the pile. They attract unwanted
Keep the pile moist.
Do not put grass clippings too thickly, they smell as they decay.
Chip or shred larger branches and plant stalks. The more area bacteria has
to work, the quicker the decomposition.
Do not put diseased plants of any kind into the compost pile. Plant disease
overwinters in a pile, and re-infests your garden next year.
Speeding up the process:
Stirring the pile, speeds up the composting process. This is where compost
Keep it loose, to allow air flow.
Red worms speed up the composting process. Add them to your pile once, and
they should reproduce in big numbers. You may not need to buy them again.
Tip: Do not put worms into a composter... the heat inside is too hot
What to Compost/Compost Materials:
In general, you can use most vegetable and plant matter. This includes
yard and garden waste, weeds, leaves, branches and twigs, and kitchen scraps.
Use a mixture of green and brown matter. Green matter, like grass clipping,
is high in nitrogen. Nitrogen gets the compost "cooking", or decomposing.
For an extensive list of what compost materials to use, and what not to use,
see What to Compost.
Compost, like garden soil, has a pH value that varies, depending upon what
you put into your composter. Learn
about compost pH.
Composting manure - Manure is a great compost for
your garden soil.
Compost Honey Hole - Enriching
your soil reaps huge rewards.
on Composting at Garden Hobbies
Compost Tea a great liquid fertilizer. And,
it's free! Use Compost Tea on indoor and outdoor plants.
About Composters - learn about
compost tumblers, compost bins and their features.
Buy Composters - See the top composters and compost tumblers
on the market.
Buy Flower, Vegetable and Herb Seeds Ferry Morse
and Livingston seeds. Better quality, better prices.
Are birds and garden pests feasting on your plants?
Stop the freeloaders!
Buy the Garden Buffet Buster now!
Seaweed & Fish Fertilizer
Seed / Supply
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Carving Kits, Supplies
Gory, Scary Props