Peatlands and Spaghnum Peat Moss
Peatlands are developing ecosystems, where spaghnum moss and other vegetation
grow in bogs, and decompose over long periods of time. The bog slowly fills
with decomposed and partially decomposed material. Largely consisting of
spaghnum moss, the resulting peat moss is highly valued in horticulture and
home gardens. It is a natural and organic soil conditioner, and plant growing
The bogs where peatlands develop and grow, can be as old as 7,000 to 12,
000 years. They are lakes or ponds where rain or ground water collects.
Vegetation, largely mosses, grow and ever so slowly fill the bog. The decomposing
spaghnum moss can be 15 to 20 feet in depth, or more!
It is estimated that 30 - 50% of the world's wetlands are peatlands. Canada,
has over 70,000 hectares of peatlands. Canadian peatlands are highly valued,
as they are the largely pristine and untouched by civilization and
Peatlands are slow growing, just 0.5 to 1 mm a year. Yet, Canadian
peatlands produce an estimated 70 million tons of peat per year! Annual
harvesting, is just 1 million tons per year. So, much more peat is created
Did You Know? Less than 0.2% of peat lands in Canada are currently
being harvested for peat moss.
In addition to being a valuable resource for peat moss, peatlands also function
It can take 20-30 years to completely harvest a bog. At the end of the harvest
cycle, they leave a few feet of peat for redevelopment. Bog restoration is
a policy of the Canadian Peat Industry. Firms harvesting peat moss in Canada,
generally restore a bog, so it begins the cycle of creating peat once more.
The exceptions to this procedure, are for areas where local residents have
planned other uses for the peatland (like farming).
Peat moss largely consists of spaghnum moss, sedge, grasses, and other mossy
plants. More on Peat Moss
Peat pots are made from peat, compressed into round or square pots
of varying sizes, from 2 -1/2 inches to 5 inches in diameter. The pots are
organic and porous, yet strong enough to hold seed starting soil and your
young seedlings. At planting time, transplant seedling in the pot right into
the garden, minimizing transplant shock. Roots will easily grow through the
Peat pellets - are compressed peat held together in a string-like
mesh sack. Add water and it expands. These pellets are popular for their
ease of use. They also minimize transplant shock.
About Peat Moss