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Garden and Landscape Mulch

Mulch is a very useful item in both gardens and landscaping. It can be used around almost all plants: trees, bushes, shrubs, flowers, vegetables, and herbs. It has many benefits and uses, from decorative, to practical in keeping weeds down, to name a few. Most likely you are, or will be, using much around your yard, and in your gardens.


Definition:

By definition, mulch is just about any material used to cover the ground or soil, most often around some of your favorite plants and trees. Not all mulches are organic. Those that break down over time, can add to soil fertility and structure. But, they can also alter soil pH for good, or bad.


 

Benefits and Uses:

Decorative - For landscaping applications, this is the #1 reason gardeners and homeowners use mulch. It simply makes yards and gardens attractive. Garden stores offer a wide assortment of mulches, which add to the beauty of your home and garden.

Warm or cool soil - Thin, black or dark layers of mulch absorb heat form the sun, transferring some of the extra heat to the soil. White or light colored mulches reflect much of the intense rays of the sun, helping to keep soil temperatures lower.  

Keep weeds down - Thick or impenetrable layers of mulch, keep all but the most pesky weeds from sprouting and growing. It's a whole lot easier to lay down a thick layer of mulch, than spend countless hours weeding.

Retain soil moisture - In any combination of sunny, dry and windy conditions, moisture is released from the soil. Mulch helps to retain the moisture for your plants. That translates to healthier plants, less time spent watering, and lower water bills. 

Helps avoid soil erosion - Heavy rains are slowed. depending upon the type of mulch, water is diverted away.

Fertilize plants - Not all mulches fertilize the soil. However, if you use compost as a mulch, it will help to fertilize your soil as it breaks down.


Types of Mulch:

Decorative Stones - Wildly popular as a landscaping mulch around trees, bushes, and flower gardens. Long lasting and low maintenance.

Compost - This is a great short term mulch. It is frequently used in flower and vegetable gardens. As it breaks down, it provides a wealth of fertilizer and micro-nutrients to garden plants. When, using compost as a mulch, you have to re-apply it frequently.

Pine Bark - This a a very popular, and inexpensive mulch. It creates an attractive appearance. Pine back is acidic. As it slowly breaks down, it can make the soil more acidic. 

Other Barks - There's a wide variety of bark mulch, offering homeowners a wide selection in landscaping around their home. The pH of each type of bark varies, and can affect soil pH over time.

Compost -  Compost offers a treasure trove of N-P-K and micro-nutrients. It is broadly used by home gardeners. It is often used as a mulch in flower and vegetable gardens. It breaks down fairly quickly, so multiple applications may be needed during the year.

Cocoa Shells - They were the rage in the 60's ad 70's. When this mulch is first applied, it has a very strong, appealing aroma. Cocoa Shells were commonly used as a mulch around flower gardens, trees and shrubs. 

Plastic Sheeting - It's often used to knock out weeds. Once the weeds are gone, many people leave it on the soil. Just remember: black plastic will raise soil temperatures, while white plastic will lower it.

Straw - If you are planting new grass in hot, dry weather, chances are you mulch straw over the seeds until they sprout. Some of the straw breaks down into the soil during this process. The remainder is raked off the new lawn.


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